Heart Anatomy: Important Things You Should Know

It is generally known as a public secret that the whole human anatomy system has the most complex organizations inside our body. There are more than billions of nerves and hundreds of internal organs which work together as a team. So, if there are any dysfunctional of the organs, it can generally affect one or more organs instantly. In details, one of various human anatomy systems that we need to know is about the heart anatomy. Actually, the actual size of the heart is just like a closed fist which functions as the body’s circulatory pump.

Heart Anatomy Overview

As the simplest thing, all the deoxygenated blood will come through the veins and deliver it into the lungs. From the lungs, deoxygenated blood has become oxygenated blood which will then be pumped into numerous arteries throughout the body. This oxygenated blood carries the oxygen and the nutrients which are needed by the body to produce its own functions as the source of the body’s energy. If you are looking at the human heart pictures, the base of the heart is attached to the aorta and vena cava on the superior end.

It is known that about 2/3 of the heart’s mass is found on the left side of the body because the heart mainly points to the left body. Thus, for about 1/3 of the heart’s mass is on the right side of the body. In short, the heart anatomy contains several important parts including pericardium, heart wall (with three layers: epicardium, myocardium, and endocardium), chambers of the heart (right and left atrium, right and left ventricle), valves of the heart, and conduction system of the heart. Moreover, the chambers on the right side of the heart are smaller than those in the left side because the left side of the heart pumps the blood throughout the body while the right side is just maintaining the pulmonary circulation to the lungs.

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